Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

An increase in caregiving responsibilities and a slow recovery of sectors that predominantly employ women partly explain these impacts. The “witch” in Lozano’s novel defies presumptions about what women are supposed to be, she said, using language to heal the sick in ways modern medicine cannot. “Literature is extremely political, but it is a politics that works best when it comes in spaces where no other politics can go, a more delicate space that doesn’t require the precision of saying, ‘OK, we’re going to talk about glyphosate because someone has to,’” said Schweblin. “It’s something we see across the region, a new sensibility,” said Carmen Alemany Bay, a literature professor at the University of Alicante in Spain who coined the term “narrativa de lo inusual” to describe the current wave of writing from the region.

The existence of Latin American feminist philosophers has been largely denied, and the specificities of their theoretical contributions have been erased under the sexist, Eurocentric orientation of philosophy. Recognition of their existence is a political act that contests the dominant architecture of the history of philosophy.

In French, nouns are male or female, but in Cree, nouns are living or non-living, animate or inanimate. “Hey, are you female today? […] The Skofnung Sword […] can’t be drawn in the presence of women.” Women’s Health cover star Eva pressed pause on acting after her role in Lost River, a 2014 film directed by her partner, Ryan Gosling. But her parts in various popular films—Hitch, The Other Guys, and The Place Beyond the Pines to name a few—most certainly helped pave the way for other Latina actresses. In addition to being an actress, Roselyn is also a singer-songwriter, producer, writer, model and dancer.

To predict the mortality rates to 2030, we used the Nordpred package in R software based on an age-period-cohort model (5-year calendar periods and 5 age groups). For Venezuela, the year 2014 was taken as a reference due to the lack of available information.

The pandemic appears to have triggered small positive changes in some important dimensions critical to women’s empowerment. The progress that women have made in terms of educational achievements is indisputable. In many countries, women have narrowed the gender gap in educational attainment and even surpassed men in enrollment and completion rates in secondary and tertiary education. For instance, in Jamaica, girls are slightly more likely than boys to complete lower secondary education (84.7% vs. 83.4%, respectively).

  • The trends were very similar to the mortality estimates using only cervical cancer deaths code C53.
  • On the other hand, the decreasing mortality rates observed in most LAC countries can be related to the development and implementation of public health programs, and community interventions against cervical cancer during the last years .
  • While creating new ministries and offices won’t by itself turn back the tide of femicide cases, it is helpful in boosting awareness.
  • We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face.
  • Language dominance is a composite measure based on self-described assessments of speaking and reading abilities.

One important change is that men are participating more than before in household and unpaid care work, initially as a result of lockdowns, but subsequently during the pandemic. Despite this difficult panorama, I am confident we can reverse this scenario just as we were doing before the pandemic, when countries in the region were making significant progress in narrowing stubborn gender gaps.

It is unclear what is driving the increased mortality of cervical cancer in these countries during the last period of observation. A potential explanation for this finding is likely due to an improvement of cancer-related death certification registry, providing better identification of deaths . However, there is still a need to expand the coverage of cancer registries to obtain more reliable data in LAC to evaluate the outcomes of the interventions carried out within each country. Other factors that could increase the mortality of cervical cancer in LAC are social inequalities, low-income settings, and difficulty in accessing prompt and adequate health care delivery .

Special meeting of the Presiding Officers of the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean

In addition, we projected cervical cancer mortality rates to 2030 and analyzed the changes according to the risk and demographic components. Cervical cancer continues to show a high burden among young women worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Limited data is available describing cervical cancer mortality among young women in Latin America and the Caribbean . The purpose of this study was to examine the mortality trends of cervical cancer among young women in LAC and predict mortality rates to 2030. As for the sensitivity analysis, we grouped deaths from cervical cancer and cancer of the corpus uteri and uterus unspecified . In the last 4 years, Paraguay and Venezuela had the highest mortality rates, whereas El Salvador and Puerto Rico had the lowest mortality rates. The trends were very similar to the mortality estimates using only cervical cancer deaths code C53.

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This study analyzed deaths from uterus cancers regardless of their location , because of the difficulty to determine exact trends in cervical and uterine corpus cancer mortality . For example, in 1997, Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador, El Salvador, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay had more than 25% of unspecified uterine cancer deaths, and in 2017, Argentina, Ecuador, and Uruguay reported similar proportions. Latin American countries are not the only ones with this problem, some European countries also attributed large proportions of deaths –up to two thirds – from uterine cancer to uterus, unspecified in 1960.

Table3 and Fig.3 show the number of cervical cancer deaths, ASMR and percentage change in cases due to population and risk between 2015 and 2030. As the predicted number of new cervical cancer cases in 2030 in a given country reflects both changing rates and national population projections, the countries with the largest populations proportionally have the largest number of future cervical cancer patients. For example, Colombia, El Salvador, and Panama had the greatest increase in population compared to change due to risk, which was negative, resulting in an overall increase. Latin American feminism, which in this entry includes Caribbean feminism, is rooted in the social and political context defined by colonialism, the enslavement of African peoples, and the marginalization of Native peoples. Latin American feminism focuses on the critical work that women have undertaken in reaction to the forces that created this context. At present, the context is dominated by neoliberal economic policies that, in the environment of globalization, have disproportionally impacted the most vulnerable segments of society.

That pay gap translates to a staggering loss of nearly $1.2 million over a 40-year career. A Latina would need to work until she is nearly 90 years old — six years beyond her life expectancy — to be paid what a white, non-Hispanic man has earned by the time he turns 60, the NWLC reports. In general, well trained researchers are needed to increase the capacities for agricultural innovation and result dissemination, from project development, implementation to impact evaluation. Particularly, female researchers, professors, and senior managers are key in providing different insights from those of their male counterparts. Due to its zoological use, some find it dehumanizing to refer to women as “female”, especially in non-technical contexts. Other have criticized it as being overly used for women compared to the use of “male” for men. It is frequently used in police blotters, dispatches, reports, and medical or physiological documents to encompass girls and women.

All of these women dared to be thinkers at times when being a Latin American woman in philosophy was unheard of, and they have come to form the foundation of a canon of thinkers that paved the way for new and emerging voices. Activism became institutionalized and the feminist movement grew in various directions. As the 90s came to a close, what started out as a spontaneous social movement with radical ideas about patriarchy, militarism, and democratization found its way into the halls of institutions and organizations that stifled feminist activism. The institutionalization of feminism was so profound that its political promise seemed lost. Institutionalization was not without critique, and the early 2000s marked the emergence of new voices that took liberal dominant feminisms to task by focusing on anti-neoliberal and decolonial critique which began to call out the hegemonic practices of Latin American feminisms. For example, in 2014, 33% of women aged 10–20 years in developed countries received the full course of the vaccine, compared with 2.7% of women in developing countries .

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